Zavkhan Aimag covers an area of 82,500 square kilometers, and has an estimated population of 86.88 square kilometers, and has an estimated population of 86.800 inhabitants. The administrative center is the town of Uliastai, situated in the valley of the Bogd River, at an altitude of 1,760 meters above sea level, and 984 kilometers from Ulaanbaatar.
Otgon Tenger Uul Strictly Protected Area
The peak of Otgon Tenger Uul is 4,021 meters above sea level, covered by eternal snow. It is one of the worshipped mountains of Mongolia. The Otgon Tenger has many rare plants including Snussurea involucrate, Adonis mongolica, and Juniper (Juniperus).
Snow Leopard, Argali, Red Deer, Siberian Ibex and Musk Deer are here.
Spring of Otgon Tenger
Otgon Tenger spring is located on the valley of the Rashaan River surrounded by Baga Uul, a spur of Otgon Tenger, at an altitude of 2,510 meters above sea level. The spring has been studied since 1912. The components of the spring water include sulphate, bicarbonate and soda. There are over 30 streams, the water temperature is 50oC and the spring is used as a bath and drink for extremities, nervous, cardiovascular and digestive diseases.
Baga agui (small cave) 374 m, Ikh agui (big cave) 159 m, Ekhiin agui (mother cave) 137 m
This sand dune with 180 km length, 15 km wide and covering on area of 2500 square kilometers is located on the basin of Khungui River.
Rupture of major earthquake
The longest active land fault in the World-the Bulgan fault-created a shattered surface zone near the north of the lake of Oigon Nuur on 32 July 1905, with a violence of 8.2 to 8.7 (Richer) on the Richter Scale, “on of the largest known earthquakes in continental regions” according to international team of seismic experts. Immediately afterwards, open fissures were 60 meters deep and over 10 meters wide.
Coldest town in Mongolia
The town of Tosontsengel holds the record as the coldest recorded place in Mongolia. A temperature of -52.9C has been recorded in winter in the town.