Uvurkhangai aimag includes the site of the ancient capital city of Chinggis khan – Kharakhorum – the capital city of what was the largest Land Empire the World had ever known, either before or since.
Uvurkhangai aimag has an area of 62.9000 square km and a population of 114.000 inhabitants. The administrative center is the town of Arvaikheer situated in the southern part of the Khangai Mountain Range, and the town lies an altitude of 1.913 meters above the sea level, 430 km from UB.
Mountain of Khugnu Khan Uul
The mountain of Khugnu Khan Uul was made of granites of Paleozoic age. Here are places mentioned in the ‘Secret History of the Mongols’ such as Nakhu Gun and Sair kheer.
Elsen Tasarhai is a crossing that extends about 80 km and lies between Mongol Els and Khugnu Tarma ELs.
This was the first Buddhist monastery, erected on the initiative of Abtai Sain Khan in 1585 at Kharkhorum, the 13ht Century capital of Mongolia. Two burial tombs of Abtai Sain Khan and his son Tusheet khan Gombodorj were placed around the monastery. The museum of the monastery has unique exhibits such as the cast god image, clothes and musical instruments.
The Erdenezuu Monastery has a rectangular shaped perimeter wall, 400 meters long and with wide sides. There are four gates at each side and 108 stupas – 25 of them on each of the 4 sides and 2 on each of Four Corners. Erdene Zuu monastery was severally damaged at the end of the XVII century and the beginning of the XVIII centuries at the time of the struggle of the Mongolians against the Manchu invaders. It was restored several times, in 1760-1796 and in 1808-1814.
City ruins. The city was established in 1220. Kharkhorum was the capital of Mongolia for 140 years and the capital of the Mongol Empire for 32 years. The city was destroyed soldiers of Min State in XIV century. The ruin of Kharkhorum has been protected since 1961. The Erdenezuu monastery and ruin of Kharkhorum were registered by UNESCO in world heritage in 1996. There are several tourist camps such as Kharkhorum, Khanbayan, Chandmani, Uguudei and Nomin around the Kharkhorin soum. The soum is the nativeland of Z. Oidov who is twice champion of the world and labour hero and the status was erected in administrative center.
The ruins of Moiltiin Am are west of the Orkhon River, near Kharkhorum. Moiltiin Am settlement is important in understanding the emer;ence of early society in Central Asia and Northern Asia, because of the archeological evidence of continuous occupation for thousands of years, from the Middle Paleolithic to the Mesolithic. Finds of stone implements tell the story. Evidence suggests stone implements tell the story. Evidence suggests stone tools were produced not only by chipping and trimming, but also by grinding. Moiltiin Am appears to have had continuous human occupation for 20.000 years.
It’s one of the ancient monasteries of Mongolia and was established in 1950. The Sariin River lows by east of the Baruun Khuree monastery that was recently renewed and Undur Gegeen Zanabazar spent his childhood here. The palfce of white & black flags of Chinggis Khaan will be built on the valley of ‘Sariin gol’ near the Shankh.
Hot spa of Khujirt
Khujirt spa is located on the banks of the Khujirt River, and lies at an altitude of 1.660 meters above sea level. Its components are bicarbonate, carbonate, sodium and spluttered hydrogen. The temperature of the water is +55oC the spring water is used for treating nervous, back, extremities and cardiovascular diseases. A tourist camp is near the spa. The most interesting nearby sights are several rectangular tombs.
The Orkhon River has its source in the Khangai Mountain Range and flows 1.124 km, joining the Selenge River in northern Mongolia and so to Lake Baikal in Siberia. The main tributaries of the Orkhon River are the Tamir and Yeroo rivers, which have their source in the Khentii and Khangai mountain range.
The Orkhon River has numerous species of fish, such as Pike, Mirror Carp, Baikal Sturgeon, Taimen< Sig, River Perch, Siberian Umber, Roach, Ide, Bull Ide, Golden Carp, Amur Catfish and Burbot.
The Uurtiin Tohoi
It is a cold spring with carbonic gas, which lies at the cheer-sided canyon of the Orkhon river. A small cliff and waterfall are at the mouth of the Khurgan Khurem. The nearby place Memeen Chuluun has interesting sights such as the rectangular tombs of the Bronze Age.
Waterfall of Ulaan Tsutgalan
Ulaan Tsutgalan, a waterfall on the Ulaan River, cascades from an impressive height of 20 meters, and it extends for 100 meters from the Orkhon river.
Red rock of Uuld
The Ongotsot Bridge of Ulaankhad is on the Orkhon River from the north of the center of Bat-Ulzii & 30 km from the eastern of the Waterfall. It was named ‘Uuldiin Ulaan Khad’ due to soldiers of Galdanboshigt stayed on the Ulaan Khoshuu of the northern of this bridge. You will see Forest zone on back of the Khangai mountain range, alpine peak, folds of Tsegeen, Manangiin Tarkhi, Manangiin gurvan khovod, glacial kars of Zest & Ulaan the mountains with alpines & cliffs on your south from there (bridge).
Ruins of capital of Uigar State
Orkhon Khar Balgas was the capital state of the Uigar State (9th Century AD) and stands on the east bank of the Orkhon river.
Following the collapse of the Turkic State arose the Uigar State. Orkhon Khan Balgas was founded as the capital city in 751 AD Bayanchur Kagan. And covered 25 square km. surrounded by a wall of umber brick and with a water canal around the perimeter. The city building covered 5 hectares.
Orkhon’s black ruin Turkic inscribed monument
Khushuu Tsaidam is a Turkic inscribed monument of the Turkic State. The inscription was written by the grandson of Kulitegin and devoted to the Bilge Khan of Turkish origin and his old brother Kulitegin in 732. It is noteworthy that the ‘Orkhon inscription’ has both a historical and scientific significance.
White palace of Tsogt
This beautiful palace is situated in the valley of the Tuul River, 20 kilometers north east of the Chin Tolgoi Kherem.
The White Palace was of a queen, Madai Taigal, mother of prince Tsogt who was a famous historical person, politician and well-know poet of the 17th century.
Ikh Tsagaan nuur
It is a very marshy lake with canes on the north of the big road. There are many different kind of birds in summer.
Shireet Tsagaan Nuur
It completes three little lakes, which are located on the Mongol Els and in the east south bottom of Ikh Mongol Uul. When Undur Gegeem Zanabazar was 5 year old he was proclaimed as a Bogd of Mongolian Buddhist religion and the palace (ger) with yellow girdle on the coast of this lake in 1693. Said that the base of our capital city was established from there. The Shireet Tsagaan nuur is shown appearance of gobi, Khangai and alpine zones.
Tuvkhun Monastery, in 1653, believers who gathered in Erdene Zuu Monastery decided to build a special Monastery for Zanabazar. Following this decision the Monastery Tuvkhun was built at Shireet Ulaan, the most beautiful scenery in Khangai Mountains. We will continue riding along the river until reach our overnight camping spot on the river's shores.
Tuvkhen monastery is located in the densely forested and picturesque mountain Shivee at an elevation of 2000m above sea level. Tuvkhen monastery consists of a stupa, prayer wheels and 14 temples and orginally had about 20 lamas.
A meditation site associated with Erdene Zuu, during the late Mongol period the Tuvkhun monastery has two caves to the weat and north-west directions.
The first temple of Tuvkhen monastery was built in 1654. Researchers have determined that this first temple was the meditational studio of Under Gegeen Zanabazar.
Tuvkhen monastery was restored in 1760 and 1786. One undamaged temple (temple-studio) and foundations of buildings, wooden floors, ruins of some temples were protected by the province in 1971 and by the State in 1994. A restoration design for the undamaed temple-studio was made in 1992.
Hot springs of Khuremt
The Khuremt hot spring has been used since ancient times. Components include bicarbonate and sodium. The maximum temperature of the water reaches 58.8C. There are 10 streams, and the spa water is used for extremities and nervous diseases.
It is a beautiful place near the Arts Bogd Mountain. There is a beautiful cliff named Uush shakhlaga with vestige of ancient animals on the south west of the Uusg Mountain and north of the Arts bogd.