The nomadic civilization of Mongolia has gone through many centuries and has got its own unique features.
Traditional Mongolian way of life is connected with pastoral livestock husbandry, where people have to flexible and mobile following their livestock along the vast steppes in search of better pasture and water, Pastureland is central for livestock breeding. The Mongolians have carefully studied vegetation in different pasturelands of the Gobi and Khangai. Therefore, a special science of pastoral animal husbandry has been developed based on long term experience. The Mongolians raise five kinds of animal: horse, cattle, camel, goat and sheep.
The Mongolians have always been very fond of their horses. Mongolian horses are small, but strong and well adapted to severe continental climate.
In the mountainous parts of the country yaks are widely used as a pack animal or for riding. Yak milk is very rich, it has got twice as much fat as cow*s milk. Everything yaks produce such as wool, milk, skin is used by : nomads for living.
The two-hump (Bactrian) camel is big and strong, produces a lot of wool and can cover many kilometers with 250 kg luggage. The Mongolian herders get everything for their life from the five kinds of animals they raise.